Type 1 Diabetes Start Attacking Toddler
Most people think that diabetes is only suffered by vulnerable adults. It turns out that assumption seems now no longer valid, because recent findings indicate that over the last two decades the cases of type 1 diabetes in children aged under five years (toddlers).
These findings come after researchers conducted a study in the U.S. and Europe.
“Why is there an increase in the number of cases of diabetes in children? Unfortunately, we do not have the answer,” said Terri Lipman of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
In their study, Lipman and colleagues looked at data on Philadelphia children with type-1 diabetes early 1985. In 2004, the number of cases of diabetes in children under five years rose to 70 percent. Meanwhile, the number of cases of diabetes in children under 14 years rose to 29 percent.
Of the two types of diabetes, type 2 diabetes mostly affects adults who have lost the ability to process blood sugar. While type 1 diabetes affects many children because their immune systems shut down insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
However, type 1 diabetes usually occurs when the child’s age growing. The data show the number of children under five who suffer from type 1 diabetes makes experts puzzled.
“Diabetes hits very young children is still a mystery,” said Dr. Carol Levy, type 1 diabetes specialist at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, as reported by Reuters.
Some theories related to an increase in cases of diabetes in infants include vitamin D deficiency, lack of breastfeeding, and that too hygienic environment. This causes the child’s immune system is too active and kills the cells that make insulin.
Levy advises parents to always supervise children’s lifestyle and weight of children. But he can not guarantee whether it will reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes in infants.