Passive Smokers At Risk of Diabetes
If you want to smoke, please. But do not share a smoke with those who are not smokers.
The results presented at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society to-94 in Houston explained that passive smokers at high risk for type 2 diabetes and obesity.
These findings obtained after the researchers who initiated by Theodore C. Friedman from Charles R Drew University in Los Angeles. Friedman uses data from over 6300 adults who took part in the national health and nutrition survey of Americans between 2001 and 2006.
Participants had to answer questions about smoking habits. Researchers also took blood samples determines the level of cotinine, a chemical that is produced in the body following exposure to nicotine.
About 25 percent of participants were current smokers and cotinine levels known to be above 3 nanograms / milliliter (ng / mL). Meanwhile, participants of non-smokers there are about 41 percent. Cotinine levels in this group were under 0.05 ng / mL.
In addition, 34 percent of participants classified as passive smokers, but the level of cotinine in their blood above 0.05 ng / mL.
The result, researchers found that compared with nonsmokers, passive smokers are more likely to show signs of the cause of type 2 diabetes, such as increased insulin resistance, increased blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c in a higher (blood sugar control during the last three months).
Passive smokers and active smokers have the same risk level. Both showed high levels of hemoglobin A1c compared with nonsmokers, reaching 6.5 percent.