Dangers of giving birth at a young age
Giving birth at too young an age pose serious health risks for women. One of the threats that warrant concern is the risk of cancer. Experts warn of the threat of cancer due to early labor through the latest research results.
Research the researchers at the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California (USC) indicates that women who give birth under the age of 25 years had a greater risk of endometrial cancer. Conversely, women who give birth at the age of 40 or more have a reduced risk of endometrial cancer by 44 percent.
Endometrial cancer is cancer that attacks the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus (womb), and is the most common gynecologic cancer in the United States.
Veronica “Wendy” Setiawan, Ph.D., assistant professor at the Keck School, principal investigator of the study said the risk of a woman suffering from cancer of the endometrium (uterine lining) actually began to decrease after age 30 years (approximately 13 percent for each five-year delay last birth).
Compared to women who give birth before age 25, women with children at the age of 30-34 years can reduce cancer risk by 17 percent. While in women aged 35-39 years the risk of decline will be greater, namely 32 percent.
“Childbearing at older age has previously been associated with a lower risk of endometrial cancer. Size of this study definitively shows that giving birth at older ages is a significant protective factor after taking into account other factors that may affect the disease – such as weight, number of children and the use of oral contraceptives, “said Setiawan.
The research was funded by the National Cancer Institute, by studying as many as 8.671 cases of endometrial cancer and 16.562 control subjects, which are all derived from the study of the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium.
“We found that the risk of endometrial cancer can be suppressed by the mature age of mothers giving birth. This shows that protection persists for years,” said Setiawan.
Setiawan noted, endometrial cancer ranks fourth as a cancer that is often found in women in America. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2012 approximately 47.130 new cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed, and approximately 8010 women will die from cancer.
Setiawan said the need for further research to determine why give birth at older ages have a protective effect against endometrial cancer.