Chronic Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a disease of the fourth as a deadly disease after heart disease, cancer, and stroke. Diabetes is not foreign to our ears. Diabetes mellitus is a disease that had complications (other disease causing) the most. This is related to high blood sugar levels continuously, resulting in damage to blood vessels, nerves and other internal structures. The main key to avoid this disease is to maintain your diet, and exercise regularly.
Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus
Disorders of the Eye
- Lens blur, sometimes changing as is common in elderly
- Diabetic retinopathy (abnormalities in the retina)
Migraines are severe headaches, if the migraine is caused by high glucose levels, can be cured by improving control of diabetes.
Diabetic nepropathy is kidney damage due to diabetes. To control it necessary to check glucose levels regularly and examination of urine protein.
Diabetic neuripathy is a disruption in sensory nerve which can cause loss of feeling pain. Complications diabetic neuropathy more likely to suffer a leg injury. That’s because they do not feel pain, heat, cold, or pressure on the foot caused by the death of nerve sensors. If their feet hurt, they do not realize that developed into an infection. It is also often feel tingling and cramps in the calves. If the affected parts of the central nervous, then it would be a lopsided mouth, eyes closed next-door, and vision into a double.
Disorders of the foot
People with diabetes are at high risk of infection and injury to the foot. The ability of diabetics to feel pain, heat, cold reduced, it can even lead to numbness. This happens due to interference with the sensory nerves and blood circulation is reduced. Small wounds in the legs can cause greater injury and severe and can lead to gangrene (decay due to injury), and the more terrible if it had to be amputated.
Abnormalities in the mouth
Tongue in people with diabetes is often enlarged and thick and cause a sense of taste. In addition, the connective tissue on the bottom layer of the teeth are easily damaged, so the teeth wobbly and loose.
If there is interference in the auditory nerve of diabetes sufferers often complain of ear ringing. If not treated the patient can deaf.
Disorders of the skin
Usually people with diabetes decreased endurance, so susceptible to infections caused by fungi and bacteria. Fungal infections of the skin causing itching and sores.