Causes of swollen lymph nodes

Lymph nodes, Causes of swollen lymph nodes

Lymph nodes is an oval-shaped tissue in the body that acts as a producer and filter fluid called lymph nodes (lymphocytes). Lymph nodes are part of the body’s defense system. Our body has approximately 600 lymph nodes, but only in the submandibular (lower jaw), armpit or groin that felt normal in healthy people.

Actually lymph node is a collection of small cells that are wrapped by the capsule casing so as to form small dots. The biggest part of the lymph nodes called the spleen.

What’s the function of lymph nodes?

Lymph nodes function in removing dead cells and more importantly as a defensive tool infection.

What is dangerous when experiencing swollen lymph nodes?

Enlarged lymph nodes can be derived from the addition of immune cells derived from the lymph node itself such as lymphocytes, plasma cells, monocytes and histiosit, or because of an infection.

Some can be palpable lymph nodes such as nuts. Swelling or enlarged lymph nodes in the area which can only indicate the presence of infection, cancer, or other diseases related to lymph system. If the lymph nodes palpable as a hard lump and bump is a relative silence in a long time, this is usually associated with cancer or tumors.

Causes of swollen lymph nodes

  • Infection: An increase in white blood cells (lymphocytes) in response to the presence of foreign substances into the body.
  • Virus: Reaction of defense against common infections caused by viruses, usually accompanying fever swollen lymph nodes.
  • Cancer: Mechanisms infiltration of cancer cells in lymph nodes also often causes swelling, it can even be hard and may spread to lymph nodes in other places.
  • Blood Cancer: Cancer of the blood may not look like a cancer which make swollen lymph nodes. But the production of lymphocytes in the blood of cancer of the lymph nodes are very much out of control. This condition is often called lymphoma or leukemia.

Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes

  • Appear enlarged glands and is usually not accompanied by pain.
  • Swallowing disorders when swelling in the tonsils (tonsillectomy).
  • Respiratory problems due to collection of fluid around the lungs causing shortness of breath.
  • Reduced appetite due to suppression intestine.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Swelling of the legs.

You recently read the article Causes of swollen lymph nodes in the category Diseases & Conditions by +Erwan Sudarmo | December 28th, 2012

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