Antiepileptic drugs started on a low dose
Epilepsy is a disease clinically diagnosed through a physical examination and anamnesis or interviews. Additional examinations such as Electroencephalography (EEG) can be done. EEG is a tool that measures and describes the electrical activity in the brain to reinforce epilepsy.
However, according to Dr. Pandhita Gea, Sp.S, Kes, about 10 percent of people who normally have a picture of the abnormal brain waves. Meanwhile, those who have actually bears the picture of a normal EEG epilepsy. Therefore, EEG examination is required as an additional course.
When you are diagnosed with epilepsy, drug therapy is done. Antiepileptic drugs are given starting from the first group with the lowest dose. Drug delivery is usually still a single drug.
First-generation drugs such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproate, clonazepam. Second-generation drugs such as gabapentine, lamotrigine, and topiramate. While the third-generation drugs such as oxcarbazepine, leveritacetam, and zonisamide.
If there is an attack, will be added to the dosage and combination with two drugs. If there is an attack and still do not give good results, then given two to three drug combinations.
The main goal of this therapy is to strive for optimal quality of life of people with epilepsy can be achieved, according to the course of the disease and physical or mental disability he has. Seizure free and without any side effects.